Jump to navigation. It must be stressed that these guidelines do not constitute a legally binding act and are of an explanatory nature. The guidelines give, however, a common interpretation of the concerned EU provisions by all the EU Member States customs authorities. Legal provisions on customs legislation take precedence over the contents of the guidelines and should always be consulted.

As regards judgements of the Court of Justice of the European Communities, the authentic texts are those given in the reports of cases before the Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance. General terms i.

Audio description

A list of such general terms will be published by the Commission. It is not necessary to provide this information where the Commodity code is provided. This legal requirement stems from the need for customs administrations to be able to base their risk-analysis on adequate descriptions of goods where a commodity code is not provided by the person that lodges the summary declaration.

In those cases, too vague a description would not provide Customs administrations with the means to identify consignments which might represent risks for the Union and its citizens; this might lead to unnecessary and costly hiccups in the supply chain; such as physical examinations of the goods concerned, in order to ascertain their real nature. The list of generic, unacceptable terms and the suggested alternatives that would be acceptable by customs, hereafter referred to as "the list", is contained in the Annex to this guidance.

The list is not of an exhaustive nature, and aims at providing examples of unacceptable and acceptable wordings that are meant as a guidance. The list is by nature dynamic.

Everyday practice will show that new unacceptable terms will be identified and will need therefore to be added to the list as time goes by. This dynamic aspect of the list will require a certain level of maintenance by the Commission in coordination with Member States. By virtue of the multilingual nature of the EU, the list covers all official languages of the Union and is therefore translated in all those languages.

Given its dynamic nature, and the importance to provide quick updates, the list needs to be published on the internet, in any respect on TAXUD website, for the benefit of all potential interested parties. Click here for the list of examples of acceptable and unacceptable descriptions of goods.

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Air Cargo Products Services. Fleet Information Destination Served. Latest News. Goods Description Guidelines 1.VeniceItalian Veneziacity, major seaport, and capital of both the provincia province of Venezia and the regione region of Venetonorthern Italy. An island city, it was once the centre of a maritime republic. Since the fall of the Venetian republic inthe city has held an unrivaled place in the Western imagination and has been endlessly described in prose and verse.

The luminous spectacle of ornate marbled and frescoed palaces, bell towers, and domes reflected in the sparkling waters of the lagoon under a blue Adriatic sky has been painted, photographed, and filmed to such an extent that it is difficult to distinguish the real city from its romantic representations. The visitor arriving in Venice is still transported into another world, one whose atmosphere and beauty remain incomparable.

Today Venice is recognized as part of the artistic and architectural patrimony of all humanity, a fitting role for a city whose thousand-year economic and political independence was sustained by its role in global trading.

The situation of the city on islands has limited modern suburban spread beyond the historic centre; its framework of canals and narrow streets has prevented the intrusion of automobiles; and its unmatched wealth of fine buildings and monuments dating from the period of commercial dominance has ensured a keen and almost universal desire for sensitive conservation. Situated at the northwestern end of the Adriatic Sea, Venice lies on an archipelago in the crescent-shaped Laguna Veneta Venice Lagoonwhich stretches some 32 miles 51 km from the reclaimed marshes of Jesolo in the north to the drained lands beyond Chioggia at the southern end.

On the sandbanks are many small settlements, some of them centuries old. The best-known is the Lido itself, which has been a fashionable seaside resort since the 19th century. Although Venice may aptly be regarded as an isolated sea city, it has always had close links with the surrounding marshlands and the mainland of northern Italy.

The Venetian republic included the perimeter of the lagoon, the dogadowithin its territory. From the 16th century onward, the Venetians invested heavily in the purchase, reclamation, and drainage of terraferma lands. The imprint of the republic may still be seen in former subject cities, such as PaduaVeronaand Vicenzawhere Venetian Gothic palaces line the streets and the symbol of Venice, the lion of San Marco, stands over the city squares.

Today the administrative city, or comuneof Venice embraces the mile km perimeter of the lagoon, taking in the urban and industrial areas of Mestre and Marghera and the Marco Polo International Airport at Tessera.

The proportion of the population of the comune that lives in Venice itself has shrunk steadily. By the beginning of the 21st century that fraction had shrunk to less than one-fourth. Article Media.

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Subscribe today. Load Next Page. More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.Add description to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Sparkling and dazzling! Words related to light, Part 1.

Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English.

Acting under a description

Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Follow us. Choose a dictionary. Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Word Lists.

Choose your language. My word lists. Tell us about this example sentence:. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. The sentence contains offensive content. Cancel Submit. Your feedback will be reviewed. B1 something that tells you what something or someone is like:. Write a description of your favourite beach. Your paper contains too much description, and not enough discussion of the issues. Boats of every description were entering the harbour. Her beauty is beyond description.

A witness gave a detailed description of the man.

More information on the rationale, activities, and goals of WHO-CHOICE

He gave a very vivid and often shocking description of his time in prison. The book contains lyrical descriptions of the author's childhood. Would you say that is an accurate description of the current situation? A woman of your description was seen in the area on the night of the crime.

Accounts and stories. His poetry skillfully incorporates descriptive details. Examples of description. The analogies and problems used in these experiments were not specific to any domain of expertise and used fantasy problems relying only on linguistic descriptions.

From the Cambridge English Corpus. The semantic descriptions of the devices were varied, but the pictures were identical for both conditions. These examples are from the Cambridge English Corpus and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.ENBSeries is the project of graphic modifications for games.

The main idea is to allow every gamer to configure how game looks like for their own taste, so every player could share settings with others. Many games may look much better and ENBSeries is the easiest way to improve them. If there is no ENBSeries version for game you wish to modify, just try several avalable, may be one of them will work. For some games also existing specific bottlenecks. First version released 3 december ENBSeries was an experiment of screen space ambient occlusion SSAO effect, how it change game scene without lights and poor overall quality.


I was lazy to model 3d geometry and decided to apply ssao effect to GTA San Andreas fit testing purposes well. After success i decided to add few additional effects, named modification and published on the forums in hope that somebody like it. I have no idea why continued to develop new versions and updates.

Terms of use Legal info Privacy policy. What is it ENBSeries is the project of graphic modifications for games. What is good 1 No game specific tools needed. What is bad 1 Default configuration of ENBSeries in most cases is bad, it not looks as good as modified by users. How it was created First version released 3 december Penguins are seabird s in the family Spheniscidae. They use their wings to 'fly' underwater, but they cannot fly in the air.

They eat fish and other seafood. Penguins lay their eggs and raise their babies on land. The furthest north they get is the Galapagos Islandswhere the cold Humboldt Current flows past. All penguins have a white belly and a dark, mostly black, back. This is a type of camouflage to keep them safe when they swim, because it makes them blend in with their background.

The white and black colors make an effect called countershading. When a predator looking from below sees the white belly and wings of a swimming penguin, they can not see the penguin well because the light is coming from above.

However, when seen from above, the penguin's black back blends in with the dark water below, so they are hard to see. Penguins have a thick layer of blubber that helps them keep warm, and their feathers are very tightly packed to make another cover. They also have a layer of woolly down feathers, under the outer veined feathers that are coated with a type of oil that makes them waterproof.

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Penguins have webbed feet used for paddling in the water. They cannot walk well, so they waddle. Penguins cannot fly, but they can swim very well. Their wings have become stiff and small swimming flippers.

They have good hearing and can see underwater. Most penguins lay two eggs per year but emperor penguins lay only one. After the penguins mate, the mother lays her egg or eggs and soon goes in the ocean to eat. The father and mother take turns keeping the eggs warm, and the chicks warm after hatching. The parent on baby duty has nothing to eat. Parent penguins call to find each other amongst the thousands of birds when they return from the feeding grounds.

The time one parent is alone with the eggs or chicks and going hungry may be weeks or months depending on what kind of penguin they are. If one parent does not return, the other must abandon the egg to go and eat. Penguins eat krillfishsquidand other small animals from the oceanwhich they catch.

They are at home in the ocean. They come up on the land or ice to lay their eggs and raise the chicks. They don't eat there because they live in places where the land has no food for them.

In most species the birds all nest together in a huge group, called a rookery. They usually make nests on the ground with rocks or mud. Penguins cannot taste fish. This was discovered when a research team noticed they were missing some key genes for taste.

It doesn't matter to them, because they swallow the fish whole. There are living species types of penguins. The white-flippered penguin is today generally considered a subspecies of the little penguin.Audio descriptionalso referred to as a video descriptiondescribed videoor more precisely called a visual descriptionis a form of narration used to provide information surrounding key visual elements in a media work such as a film or television programor theatrical performance for the benefit of blind and visually impaired consumers.

These narrations are typically placed during natural pauses in the audio, and sometimes during dialogue if deemed necessary. In museums or visual art exhibitions, audio described tours or universally designed tours that include description or the augmentation of existing recorded programs on audio- or videotapeare used to provide access to visitors who are blind or have low vision.

Docents or tour guides can be trained to employ audio description in their presentations. In film and television, description is typically delivered via a secondary audio track. To promote accessibilitysome countries such as Canada and the United States have implemented requirements for broadcasters to air specific quotas of programming containing audio description.

Silent films could naturally be enjoyed by the deaf due to the lack of spoken dialogue or sound whatsoever.

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The transition to " talkies " in the late s displaced this audience, but resulted in a push to make them accessible to the visually impaired. The New York Times documented the "first talking picture ever shown especially for the blind" — a screening of Bulldog Drummond attended by members of the New York Association for the Blind and New York League for the Hard of Hearing, which offered a live description for the visually-impaired portion of the audience.

In the s, the Media Access Group of U. It was developed in consultation with Dr. Margaret Pfanstiehl of Washington, D. After four years of development and on-air trials which included a proof of concept that aired the descriptions on a radio station in simulcast with the television airingWGBH officially launched audio description via 32 participating PBS member stations, beginning with the new season of American Playhouse on January 24, In the s at cinemas in California, RP International began to offer audio descriptions for theatrical films under the brand TheatreVisionrelayed via earpieces to those who request it.

A clip from Schindler's List was used to pitch the concept to the film's producers Gerald Molen and Branko Lustigand one of the first films to be presented in this format was Forrest Gump TheatreVision sought notable personalities and celebrities to volunteer in providing these narrations, such as sportscaster Vin ScullyWilliam ShatnerMonty Halland former U.

Bush for It's a Wonderful Life. Sometimes the narrator had ties to the film or was part of its cast; Irene Bedard described Pocahontas —a film where she had voiced the title character, and for the remake of Little Womenstars from previous versions of the film volunteered, including June AllysonMargaret O'Brienand Janet Leigh whose grandmother was blind from the version of the film, as well as Katharine Hepburn —star of the version.

In practice, the BBC has often exceeded these targets. In Aprilthe subscription streaming service Netflix announced that it had added support for audio description, beginning with Daredevil —a series based on a comic book character who himself is blind, and would add descriptions to current and past original series on the platform over time.

On June 17,Pornhub announced that it would launch a collection of pornographic videos with audio descriptions. The initiative is sponsored by the website's philanthropic arm Pornhub Cares. Under Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission CRTC rules, broadcast television stations and former Category A services that dedicated more than half of their programming to comedy, drama, or long-form documentary programs, were required to broadcast at least four hours of programming with audio descriptions known in Canadian English as described video per-week, with two hours of this "original" to the channel per-week.

These programs must have been drawn from children's, comedy, drama, long-form documentaries, general entertainment and human interest, realityor variety genres.

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Broadcasters must also promote the availability of DV programming, including airing a standard audiovisual bumper and logo at the beginning of all programs offering description the CRTC officially recommends that this announcement be repeated after the conclusion of each commercial break, but this is.

The requirement that a quota of DV programming be "original" to the network was also dropped. Scrutiny has applied even to ESPN UK —a sports channel—even with the network attempting to defend itself by arguing that describing live sports programming was infeasible. Initially, audio description was provided as a public service.

However, inthe Federal Communications Commission would enact a policy effective April 1,requiring the affiliates of the four major television networks in the top 25 markets, and television providers with more than 50, subscribers via the top 5 cable networks as determined by Nielsen ratingsto offer 50 hours of programming with descriptions during primetime or children's programming per-quarter.

This was rectified in with the passing of the Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Actwhich gave the FCC jurisdiction to enforce video description requirements.The CHOICE CHO osing I nterventions that are C ost- E ffective project is a WHO initiative developed in with the objective of providing policy makers with the evidence for deciding on the interventions and programmes which maximize health for the available resources.

To achieve this, WHO-CHOICE reports the costs and effects of a wide range of health interventions in the 14 epidemiological sub-regions world divisions made based on geographical location and epidemiological profiles. The results of these cost-effectiveness analysis are assembled in regional databases, which policy makers can adapt to their specific country setting. Health Topics. Year of the Nurse and the Midwife About Us.

Skip to main content. Objectives of WHO-CHOICE Develop a standardized method for cost effectiveness analysis that can be applied to all interventions in different settings Develop and disseminate tools required to assess intervention costs and impacts at the population level Determine the costs and effectiveness of a wide range of health interventions, conducted with probabilistic uncertainty analysis Summarize the results in regional databases that will be available on the Internet Assist policy makers and other stakeholders to interpret and use the evidence Develop country contextualisation tools Why is Cost Effectiveness Analysis important?

Why is it necessary to compare a wide variety of health interventions? Why do we need regional databases on intervention cost-effectiveness?

Can analysts adapt the estimates to their own settings?


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